Definition of Child
For purposes of reporting child abuse and neglect, a “child” is a person who is less than 18 years of age.
Definition: Physical injury inflicted on a child by other than accidental means. Physical injury includes, not is not limited to, lacerations, fractured bones, burns, internal injuries, severe or frequent bruising or great bodily harm.
Signs of physical abuse
- Bruises and welts
- Injuries in the shape of an object (belt, cord)
- Unexplained burns on palms, soles of feet, back
- Fractures that do not fit the story of how an injury occurred
- Delay in seeking medical help
- Extremes in behavior: very aggressive or withdrawn and shy
- Afraid to go home
- Frightened of parents
- Fearful of other adults
Definition: Sexual intercourse or sexual touching of a child; recording or displaying of a child engaged in sexually explicit conduct; forcing a child to view or listen to sexual activity; exposing genitals or pubic area to a child or exposing a child’s genitals or pubic area for purposes of sexual gratification; or permitting, allowing or encouraging a child to engage in prostitution.
Signs of child sexual abuse
- Pain, swelling or itching in genital area
- Bruises, bleeding, discharge in genital area
- Difficulty walking or sitting, frequent urination, pain
- Stained or bloody underclothing
- Venereal disease
- Refusal to take part in gym or other exercises
- Poor peer relationships
- Unusual interest in sex for age
- Drastic change in school achievement
- Runaway or delinquent
- Regressive or childlike behavior
Note: Sexual abuse does not include consensual sexual contact with anyone 16-17 years old.
Abuse as Manufacturing of Methamphetamines
Definition: It is child abuse to manufacture methamphetamines with a child present, or in a child’s home or under any other circumstances in which a reasonable person should have known that the manufacture would be seen, heard, or smelled by a child.
Definition: “Emotional damage” for which the child’s parent, guardian or legal custodian has neglected, refused or been unable, for reasons other than poverty, to obtain the necessary treatment or take steps to ameliorate the symptoms.
Definition: Harm to a child’s psychological or intellectual functioning which is exhibited by severe anxiety, depression, withdrawal or aggression. Emotional damage may be demonstrated by substantial and observable changes in behavior, emotional response or learning which are incompatible with the child’s age or stage of development.
Signs of emotional damage
- Low self-esteem
- Severe depression
- Severe anxiety
Definition: When a parent—or caretaker—fails, refuses or is unable, for reasons other than poverty, to provide the necessary care, food, clothing, medical or dental care, or shelter, which seriously endanger the physical health of the child.
Signs of child neglect
- Poor hygiene, odor
- Inappropriately dressed for weather
- Needs medical or dental care
- Left alone, unsupervised for long periods
- Failure to thrive, malnutrition
- Constant hunger, begs or steals food
- Extreme willingness to please
- Frequent absence from school
- Arrives early and stays late at school or play areas or other people’s homes